Sapling handwashing, Malawi. Photo: Plan Malawi
Eight African countries are creatively achieving the goals of community led total sanitation programmes (CLTS) including one idea in Malawi where handwashing is monitored according to the health of tree seedlings planted beneath water outlets.
In Zambia several schools have established vegetable gardens to reduce malnutrition and improve school attendance. Some of the harvests have been sold raising funds for school activities.
In Sierra Leone men have traditionally been the community leaders but women are now being encouraged to play a major part in village committees and networks of natural leaders. To support CLTS women conduct house-to-house monitoring, giving health talks and reporting diseases –- many of them overcoming challenges such as illiteracy to maintain the programme.
Plan International’s five year Pan African CLTS (PAC) programme which ends in December, 2014, is operating in the eight countries of Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Zambia and Malawi, Ghana and Niger. With the backing of the Dutch government the project was designed to promote and scale up sanitation in communities and schools.
Posted in Ethiopia, Gender, Ghana, Hygiene promotion, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, On-site sanitation, Sanitation, School sanitation, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia
Tagged Community-Led Total Sanitation, Institute for Development Studies, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, irc's approach, open defecation-free villages, Plan International
The Cape Verdian government has approved the creation of two new water and sanitation bodies. On 30 July 2013, parliament passed a bill for the establishment of the national water and sanitation council CNAS (Conselho Nacional de Água e Saneamento) , and the following day it agreed to set up the national water and sanitation agency ANAS (Agência Nacional de Água e Saneamento) .
Cape Verde WASH Institutional Model. Source: MCC, p. 9 .
The reform of the Cape Verdian water and sanitation sector is being supported by the US Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) . In February 2012 the MCC signed a second five-year compact with the government of Cape Verde, which focuses on reforming the water and sanitation sector and the land management sector.
The aim of the US$ 41.1 million Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Project (WASH Project) of the MCC Cape Verde Compact II is to improve sector performance by:
- reforming national policy and regulatory institutions (National Institutional and Regulatory Reform Activity)
- transforming inefficient utilities into independent corporate entities operating on a commercial basis (Utility Reform Activity), and
- improving the quality and reach of water and sanitation infrastructure (Infrastructure Grant Facility)
According to AfriqueJet news , the national water and sanitation council CNAS is comprised of the following members:
- a government member responsible for the water and sanitation sector
- representatives of members of the executive body responsible for Finance, Planning, Agriculture, Energy, Economy, Sea, Health, Infrastructure and Local authorities.
- the chairman of the national water and sanitation agency ANAS
- the national association of city councils in Cape Verde
- the Chambers of Commerce and Services
- the Platform of non-governmental organizations
- associations linked to the problems of social integration and gender equality
- the consumers association
- the Chamber of Tourism
 Pana, Water and sanitation council in Cape Verde, AfriqueJet, 30 Jul 2013
 Parlamento: Aprovado diploma que cria a Agência Nacional de Água e Saneamento, Expresso das Ilhas, 30 Jul 2013
. MCC, [undated]. Desenho do novo quadro institucional do sector de água e saneamento : design of new WASH national institutional environment. Available at: http://washurl.net/aad6c4
 MCC - Cape Verde Compact II [English] – MCA-Cabo Verde II [Portuguese]
Posted in Cape Verde, Governance, Policies & legislation, Sanitation, Water supply
Tagged Agência Nacional de Água e Saneamento, Cape Verde Compact II, Conselho Nacional de Água e Saneamento, institutional framework, local support, Millennium Challenge Corporation, National Water and Sanitation Council, source_publish
Organised by: APRH – Associação Portuguesa dos Recursos Hídricos, ABRH – Associação Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos, ACRH – Associação Cabo-Verdiana de Recursos Hídricos. AQUASHARE – Associação Moçambicana dos Profissionais de Água and DNA - Departamento de Água e Saneamento
The main themes of the SILUSBA (Simpósio de Hidráulica e Recursos Hídricos dos Países de Língua Portuguesa) are:
- Water and sanitation for the poor
- Water and international cooperation
- Water and economic development
- Water and education
- Water governance for a sustainable water business.
- Water resources management, incl. climate change,
- Hydraulics and hydrology research
- Water and the environment
During the symposium, the Netherlands-supported Mozambique Water Platform (PLAMA) and Wetskills Innovation Challenge will be launched.
Organised by: African Water Association (AfWA) and SODECI s.a.
Theme: Mobilizing Resources and Governance of Water and Sanitation in Africa
- Integrated Management of Water Resources and Climate Change
- Capacity Building for improved Water and Sanitation Services
- Advances in Water and Waste Water Treatment Technologies
- Pro Poor Water and Sanitation Services
- Financing Options for Water and Sanitation Services
Call for papers
Abstract deadline: 10 May 2013
Website: www.afwacongress2014.org (under development)
Posted in Campaigns and events, Capacity development, Financing, Governance, Sanitation, Sustainable services, Water resources management, Water supply
Tagged finance, irc's approach, local support, water security
Robel Lambisso WASH Director (left) and MWA Chair at World Vision, Greig Jansen (right). Photo: newbusinessethiopia.com
The Coca-Cola Africa Foundation (TCCAF) and its partners have launched the Replenish Africa Initiative’s (RAIN) Multiple Use Water Improvements project in Ethiopia. This one-year project will benefit 73,400 rural citizens, including 22,000 school children living in seven rural woredas (districts) of three Ethiopian regions. It will support water supply improvements and multiple uses of water (MUS); improve water access, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in schools, institutions, and households; and empower women through water-related entrepreneurship.
TCCAF is providing US$ 4 million to the project, which is being implemented in partnership with the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation (CNHF) and Millennium Water Alliance (MWA), Catholic Relief Services (CRS), WaterAid and World Vision. The project builds on the MWA’s existing US$ 13 million CNHF programme that is being implemented in 25 woredas in 4 regions.
The TCCAF project can benefit from the related Multiple Use Services through Rainwater Harvesting (MUStRAIN) pilot project (2011-2013) in Dire Dawa. Funded through the Dutch Partners for Water programme, this project focuses on the exploitation of sand rivers for domestic, livestock and small-scale irrigation through integrated approaches that take account of multiple water needs. The Amsterdam-based RAIN Foundation is implementing this pilot project in partnership with the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, RiPPLE Ethiopia, the Hararghe Catholic Secretariat (HCS) and other local stakeholders.
The launch of the TCCAF RAIN Multiple Use Water Improvements project took place on 12 April 2013 in Addis Ababa, on the sidelines of IRC’s Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery symposium.
The Coca-Cola Africa Foundation’s 6-year RAIN programme (2010-2015) aims to provide at least 2 million Africans with access to clean water by 2015. The US$ 30 million that Coca-Cola has committed towards RAIN seems generous but amounts to just 0.75% of the company’s US$ 4 billion annual budget for marketing in 2013 and less than 7% of its US$ 440 million sponsorship deal with FIFA (2005-2012).
- Counting how many Ethiopians lack decent water and sanitation, IRC, 08 Apr 2013
- Ethiopia: rush to achieve water and sanitation for all by 2015, E-Source, 24 Jul 2012
Related web sites:
Source: MWA, 12 Apr 2013 ; New Business Ethiopia, 13 Apr 2013
Posted in Ethiopia, Financing, Sanitation, Water and livelihoods, Water supply
Tagged Coca-Cola Africa Foundation, finance, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, Millennium Water Alliance, Multiple Use Water Improvements project, multiple use water services, MUStRAIN, RAIN Foundation, source_publish
Addis Ababa – 8 April 2013. Providing universal access to water and sanitation, the goal of the Ethiopian Government, is a huge effort that is transforming lives and the economy. Behind efforts to improve service delivery – building new communal water systems, repairing broken pumps, encouraging households to improve their family wells and latrines – are monitoring systems, data and statistics. Reliable data are vital for investments to be made in the right places and the correct policy decisions are taken. Should limited public finance be directed to maintaining and repairing existing water supply systems, or to new construction, for example.
The recently completed National WASH Inventory has been a major initiative to better monitor the performance of the water and sanitation sector in Ethiopia. This involved survey of over 92,000 rural water supply schemes, over 1,600 small town systems, 50,000 schools and clinics and interviews with 12 million households. The costs amounted to more than 200 million Birr (about 12 million USD). For the first time, the National WASH Inventory provides a national baseline of all water and sanitation facilities using standard methods across all regions.
Liberia will need to bridge a US$ 450 million funding gap to achieve the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) targets that it set for itself in 2017.
Liberia unveiled a five-year US$ 600 million investment plan to rebuild its WASH sector on 7 February 2013. The sector is still recovering from decades of civil war. However, only US$ 150 million of the required amount is covered by existing support from development partners. A large part of remaining US$ 450 million will need to come from user payments for urban WASH services.
Mamounata Belem/Ouédraogo. Photo: LeFaso.net
Sector stakeholders were delighted when the new government of Burkina Faso announced the creation of the Ministère de l’Eau, des Aménagements Hydrauliques et de l’Assainissement (Ministry of Water, Hydraulic Planning and Sanitation) in January 2013 . Mrs. Mamounata Belem/Ouédraogo, who heads the new ministry, has a challenging job ahead.
According to news site LeFaso.et , currently only 1% of the rural population has access to sanitation, while the coverage rate at the national level is 3% (these figures are lower than the 2012 WHO/UNICEF-JMP estimates: 6% and 17%, respectively ). It will be impossible for Burkina Faso to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) sanitation targets of 54% coverage for rural sanitation and 57% for urban sanitation in 2015. Even access to safe water, which has a much higher coverage rate, is still way below the targeted level.
 Gouvernement du Burkina Faso: La composition du gouvernement Luc Adolphe Tiao II, 4 Jan 2013. Available at: www.gouvernement.gov.bf/spip.php?article1134
 Grégoire B. Bazie, Un ministère plein pour l’eau et l’assainissement : une option judicieuse et pleine de sens, LeFaso.net, 08 Jan 2013
 WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, 2012. Estimates for the use of improved sanitation facilities : Burkina Faso. Available at: washurl.net/dbp8gc
Related news: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre opens its second office in Africa, IRC, 02 Oct 2012
Related web sites:
The African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW) has been awarded a US$ 2 million grant  from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to help countries build capacities for sanitation policy development, monitoring and advocacy.
AMCOW will use the 3-year grant for:
- technical guidance and training to four fragile counties to develop and adopt national sanitation and hygiene policies and plans
- organising the 4th AfricaSan conference and awards to boost implementation of the AfricaSan Action Plan and eThekwini ministerial commitments 
- country support in using the African mechanism for water and sanitation monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
“Across the globe, about 2.6 billion do not have access to safe sanitation. Africa accounts for almost 40 percent of these figures.” said Bai Mass Taal, AMCOW Executive Secretary.
AMCOW is an initiative of African Ministers responsible for water and a Specialized Technical Committee on water and sanitation for the African Union.
In 2011, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation launched  its Reinvent the Toilet initiative at AfricaSan 3 in Kigali, Rwanda.
 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Oct 2012
 WSP, 2008. The eThekwini declaration and AfricaSan action plan. Nairobi, Kenya: Water and Sanitation Program – African Region.
Available at: <www.wsp.org/UserFiles/file/eThekwiniAfricaSan.pdf>
 Reinventing the toilet: Gates Foundation launches new sanitation strategy and grants, Sanitation Updates, 19 Jul 2011
Source: AMCOW, 18 Dec 2012
Posted in Advocacy, Capacity development, Financing, Monitoring & evaluation, Policies & legislation, Sanitation
Tagged AfricaSan 4, AMCOW, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, finance, local support, monitoring