The WHO/IDRC/FAO research project on non-treatment options for safe wastewater use in poor urban communities was concluded on 30 April 2010. The report of the final workshop in Amman, Jordan (7-10 March 2010) has now been published.
The objective of the project was to test the applicability of the third edition of the WHO Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater in Agriculture and Aquaculture (WHO, 2006). For this purpose the following four field studies were conducted:
- Ghana Kumasi: Evaluation of non-treatment options for maximizing public health benefits of WHO guidelines governing the use of wastewater in urban vegetable production in Ghana.
- Ghana/Tamale: Minimizing health risks from using excreta and grey water by poor urban and peri-urban farmers in the Tamale municipality, Ghana.
- Jordan: Safe use of greywater for agriculture in Jerash Refugee Camp: focus on technical, institutional and managerial aspects of non-treatment options.
- Senegal: Proposition d’étude en vue de l’intégration et de l’application des normes de la réutilization des eaux usées et excréta dans l’agriculture.
The research team is now working on the final product, a Guidance Document/Manual for Sanitation Safety Plans to assist national and municipal authorities and other usersof the WHO guidelines in their application.
Project documents and the 2006 WHO guidelines are available on the WHO web page on Safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater.
Harare City Council [has] received water treatment chemicals worth US$450 000 from the World Health Organisation with the UN agency pledging to attend to Harare’s water and sewer infrastructure. The chemicals , [which] are enough to treat water for a month [...] were bought with funds provided by the African Development Bank. The AfDB has made available a grant of US$1 million for cholera mitigation programmes, [not only for chemicals, but also for] tents, medicines, protective clothes and training activities.
[WHO country representative Dr Custodia Mandlhate] said the threat of cholera was still there and there was need to remain prepared for any outbreaks through the purchase of treatment chemicals, drugs and equipment, as well as training in social mobilisation. Dr Mandlhate said provision of water treatment chemicals alone would not solve the problem, hence there was need to attend to the city’s water and sewer infrastructure.
Source: The Herald / allAfrica.com, 15 Jun 2009
Over the next month, primary school children in all of Angola’s 18 provinces will receive de-worming tablets as part of a national campaign that is now in its third year. The campaign aims to ensure that the country’s children have better health for better learning.
Parasitic infections, or intestinal worms, can lead to malnutrition, anaemia and slow cognitive development.
In Angola, the school de-worming campaign is led by the Ministries of Health and Education, with support from UNICEF and the World Health Organization. It is part of a broader programme to promote health in Angolan schools; this effort includes the provision of water and latrines, the establishment of hygiene education and health and hygiene clubs, and a school feeding programme.
Read more: Lone Hvass, UNICEF, 24 Sep 2008