Originally posted on Learning for Change:
Make data and information flow
The last two weeks of April 2013 I went working closely with IRC colleagues on the ground. Also I worked with ‘les rapporteur groupes thématique’ from the water ministries. The overarching theme was ‘flux d’info AEPHA’. I went to Burkina Faso, Francophone West Africa. AEPHA = ‘Approvisionnement en Eau Potable, Hygiène et Assainissement’ = Water supply, Hygiene behavior and Sanitation.
Deliberately the visit encompassed two weeks, anticipating on ‘reality happening’. Indeed the planned workshop Monday – Tuesday was rescheduled Tuesday – Wednesday and some participants came back on Thursday for extra’s. The un-seasonal ‘orage’ (storm) over the weekend made Internet until Monday evening ‘snail-slow’ and more halting than connecting. On top, the town district had its weekly Wednesday morning power cut.
Mamounata Belem/Ouédraogo. Photo: LeFaso.net
Sector stakeholders were delighted when the new government of Burkina Faso announced the creation of the Ministère de l’Eau, des Aménagements Hydrauliques et de l’Assainissement (Ministry of Water, Hydraulic Planning and Sanitation) in January 2013 . Mrs. Mamounata Belem/Ouédraogo, who heads the new ministry, has a challenging job ahead.
According to news site LeFaso.et , currently only 1% of the rural population has access to sanitation, while the coverage rate at the national level is 3% (these figures are lower than the 2012 WHO/UNICEF-JMP estimates: 6% and 17%, respectively ). It will be impossible for Burkina Faso to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) sanitation targets of 54% coverage for rural sanitation and 57% for urban sanitation in 2015. Even access to safe water, which has a much higher coverage rate, is still way below the targeted level.
 Gouvernement du Burkina Faso: La composition du gouvernement Luc Adolphe Tiao II, 4 Jan 2013. Available at: www.gouvernement.gov.bf/spip.php?article1134
 Grégoire B. Bazie, Un ministère plein pour l’eau et l’assainissement : une option judicieuse et pleine de sens, LeFaso.net, 08 Jan 2013
 WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, 2012. Estimates for the use of improved sanitation facilities : Burkina Faso. Available at: washurl.net/dbp8gc
Related news: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre opens its second office in Africa, IRC, 02 Oct 2012
Related web sites:
Based on national standards, the 7 boreholes and 3 standpipes in the village of Komsilga, Burkina Faso, are sufficient to supply water to 3,600 people. Since only 1,500 people live in the village, you might think that they had water in abundance.
In reality, only half of the villagers receive a basic level of service and half a limited if any service at all. The provision of a basic water service by a small network costs 9 times more in investment and 54 times more in operation and maintenance than a similar level of service provided by a handpump.
These are some of the findings in a new working paper by Dr Christelle Pezon from IRC’s WASHCost project, which describes the analytical framework and the methodological tools developed to cost rural water service levels.
Pezon, C., 2012. Evaluer le coût d’un service pérenne d’eau potable au Burkina Faso: méthodes et outils. (WASHCost document de travail ; n°5). The Hague, The Netherlands, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. Available at: www.washcost.info/page/2663
For more on WASHCost Burkina Faso see: www.washcost.info/page/475
Visit the WASHCost campaign page: campaign.washcost.info
Posted in Burkina Faso, Financing, Publications, Sustainable services, Water supply
Tagged finance, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, irc's approach, life-cycle costs, rural water supply, WASHCost, water security
The majority of the water and sanitation projects funded by the European Union (EU) in six African countries are not sustainable says the EU’s spending watchdog. The European Commission (EC) maintains that most of the audited projects were approved before it had implemented quality control reforms.
ECA Member David Bostock presenting Special Report no 13/2012. Photo: European Union
The European Court of Auditors (ECA) reviewed 23 projects in Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria and Tanzania. The projects represent an investment of over 400 million euro of which the EU provided 219 million euro. Total EU spending on water and sanitation in sub-Saharan Africa between 2001 and 2010 amounts to over 1 billion euro.
In their report , the auditors warn that the majority of projects will not be sustainable unless non-tariff revenue is ensured and institutional weaknesses are addressed. Less than half of the projects examined delivered results meeting the beneficiaries’ needs.
Posted in Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Financing, Monitoring & evaluation, Nigeria, Sanitation, Sustainable services, Tanzania, Water supply
Tagged European Commission, European Court of Auditors, European Union, finance, financial sustainability, institutional sustainability, irc's approach, source_publish
Juanita During speaking at an MDG summit in the UK in 2010. Photo: Justin Tallis/Bond
Ms Juanita During, the Director of Partnership, Advocacy and Communications at Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA) in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, died on 16 August after a brief illness.
A Nigerian national, Ms During was head of governance at WaterAid in Nigeria before she was posted to WSA (formerly known as CREPA). Before that, she worked for UNICEF Nigeria for seven years.
Ms During served on the Nigerian government’s high level inter-ministerial committee on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This body was responsible for leading and co-ordinating the preparation of the country’s 2010 report for the UN MDG summit.
Between 1995 and 1999, she worked with consulting firm Afri-Projects Consortium, which at that time managed the Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF) programme. This multisectoral programme included the national rural and urban water supply programmes.
Ms During has contributed to the Guardian’s Poverty Development Blog. Her last post was “Just building a million latrines won’t solve Africa’s sanitation crisis“. In March 2012, she and Head of Communications Yacine Traoré gave a presentation on WSA at the introduction ceremony of the new organisation at the 6th World Water Forum in Marseilles.
Junita During is survived by two brothers and two sisters. Her funeral will be held in Lagos, Nigeria, during the coming week.
Source: Leadership / allAfrica.com, 17 Aug 2012
Organised by the Centre Africain pour l’Eau Potable et l’Assainissement (CREPA), this meeting will focus on the need to improve investment in the water and sanitation sector in Africa. About 200 participants are expected from development organisations, bilateral and multi-lateral groups, civil society organisations as well as governments.
The four-day meeting will include an African Workshop on the pricing of water and sanitation services and sanitation, a ministerial dialogue, a round table of donors, and the launch of an African Forum on innovative local solutions in the field of hygiene, sanitation and drinking water supply.
Read the full announcement (in French)
Political stability has heavily influenced progress in improving access to water supply and sanitation services with low-income stable countries outperforming low-income fragile and resource-rich countries. ”This breaks with the common perception that access to sanitation and water increases with GDP”, says Senior Financial Specialist Dominick de Waal, lead author of a new report  by the World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program (WSP).
The report, commissioned by the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW), maps progress in water supply and sanitation of 32 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. WSP carried out the country studies together with the African Development Bank in close partnership with UNICEF, WHO, and the 32 governments.
Posted in Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Financing, Gambia, Ghana, Governance, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Policies & legislation, Publications, Rwanda, Sanitation, Scaling up, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Sustainable services, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Water supply, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Tagged AMCOW, finance, irc's approach, source_publish, Water and Sanitation Program
During the third Africa Sanitation and Hygiene Conference (AfricaSan 3) the Rwanda Environment Care (REC), a local NGO that provides a variety of sanitary facilities across the country, scooped the Utilities Award in Africa for its efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene. Announcing the Utilities Award, the head of Unilever, Dr. Myriam Sindibe said that REC was awarded for raising the bar on service delivery of sanitation services. Others awarded include the Mayor of Ouagadougou, who received the local government award for formulating and implementing clear policies on sanitation that have contributed to large-scale improvement in sanitation and hygiene. Prof. Sandy Cairncross received the AMCOW roll of honour for his outstanding lifetime contribution in advancing the sanitation and hygiene agenda in Africa. Kenya won a hand washing award for the private public partnerships that saw the country win the Guinness World Record for the most number of people washing their hands at the same time at a single location on October 15, 2010. The WASH United received the media award for their sustained coverage of sanitation and hygiene issues have provided high visibility in the media space and contributed to raising the profile of sanitation and hygiene on the continent.
Source: Edwin Musoni, The New Times / allAfrica.com, 23 July 2011 ; Claire Wanja, KBC News, 21 July 2011
The SaniFaso project aims to eradicate open defecation in 12 partnering communes (the lowest level of administrative division) in Burkina Faso.
The four-year rural sanitation project, which started in December 2010, will construct 16,000 latrines, train local masons and carry out hygiene promotion campaigns.
The European Commission is co-funding this 3 million Euro project. The implementing agencies are the French NGO Eau-Vive, in association with WaterAid Burkina Faso, Helvetas, GIZ/PEA and IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre.
During AfricaSan 3 conference in July 2011, SaniFaso released a project video explaining why and how it is a learning project.
For more about SaniFaso see
Posted in Burkina Faso, Capacity development, Hygiene promotion, Learning alliances, On-site sanitation
Tagged Eau Vive, European Union, GIZ, Helvetas, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, irc's approach, local support, open defecation, SaniFaso, WaterAid Burkina Faso
The Briefing Note “Mapping EU Support for Sanitation in Africa”, published by the EU Water Initiative (EUWI) Africa Working Group, is based on a full study by WEDC in association with Hydroconseil. The purpose of the study is to obtain an overview of the status of the involvement of EU Member States and the European Commission in sanitation-related activities in Africa. It is anticipated that the findings of this work will have the potential to be used for both arguing for greater priority for sanitation within the international architecture and also for individual donors to use in discussing their own Official Development Assistance (ODA).