A new joint initiative in Ghana aims to ensure that monitoring information is effectively used to keep water and sanitation services working.
The Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA), IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, Akvo, Water for People and SkyFox have launched SMARTerWASH, a 3-year project to monitor water and sanitation in 64 districts, nearly one third of Ghana.
Indicators for functionality, service levels and sustainability have recently been developed and tested, using mobile phone technology and a web-based application.
SMARTerWASH will mainstream the monitoring vision and operational guidelines of the CWSA so that districts will have the necessary data to solve problems with infrastructure and community service providers.
AKVO FLOW will be used for collecting the data.
At the same time Ghanaian private company SkyFox will set up an SMS alert system and strengthen customer relationships between community service providers, area mechanics and spare part distributors.
For more information go to www.irc.nl/SMARTerWASH
Posted in Ghana, Information and communication, Monitoring & evaluation, Water supply
Tagged Akvo FLOW, Community Water and Sanitation Agency, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, mobile phones, monitoring, rural water supply, SkyFox, SMARTerWASH, SMS, Water For People, water security
The Cape Verdian government has approved the creation of two new water and sanitation bodies. On 30 July 2013, parliament passed a bill for the establishment of the national water and sanitation council CNAS (Conselho Nacional de Água e Saneamento) , and the following day it agreed to set up the national water and sanitation agency ANAS (Agência Nacional de Água e Saneamento) .
Cape Verde WASH Institutional Model. Source: MCC, p. 9 .
The reform of the Cape Verdian water and sanitation sector is being supported by the US Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) . In February 2012 the MCC signed a second five-year compact with the government of Cape Verde, which focuses on reforming the water and sanitation sector and the land management sector.
The aim of the US$ 41.1 million Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Project (WASH Project) of the MCC Cape Verde Compact II is to improve sector performance by:
- reforming national policy and regulatory institutions (National Institutional and Regulatory Reform Activity)
- transforming inefficient utilities into independent corporate entities operating on a commercial basis (Utility Reform Activity), and
- improving the quality and reach of water and sanitation infrastructure (Infrastructure Grant Facility)
According to AfriqueJet news , the national water and sanitation council CNAS is comprised of the following members:
- a government member responsible for the water and sanitation sector
- representatives of members of the executive body responsible for Finance, Planning, Agriculture, Energy, Economy, Sea, Health, Infrastructure and Local authorities.
- the chairman of the national water and sanitation agency ANAS
- the national association of city councils in Cape Verde
- the Chambers of Commerce and Services
- the Platform of non-governmental organizations
- associations linked to the problems of social integration and gender equality
- the consumers association
- the Chamber of Tourism
 Pana, Water and sanitation council in Cape Verde, AfriqueJet, 30 Jul 2013
 Parlamento: Aprovado diploma que cria a Agência Nacional de Água e Saneamento, Expresso das Ilhas, 30 Jul 2013
. MCC, [undated]. Desenho do novo quadro institucional do sector de água e saneamento : design of new WASH national institutional environment. Available at: http://washurl.net/aad6c4
 MCC - Cape Verde Compact II [English] – MCA-Cabo Verde II [Portuguese]
Posted in Cape Verde, Governance, Policies & legislation, Sanitation, Water supply
Tagged Agência Nacional de Água e Saneamento, Cape Verde Compact II, Conselho Nacional de Água e Saneamento, institutional framework, local support, Millennium Challenge Corporation, National Water and Sanitation Council, source_publish
Organised by: APRH – Associação Portuguesa dos Recursos Hídricos, ABRH – Associação Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos, ACRH – Associação Cabo-Verdiana de Recursos Hídricos. AQUASHARE – Associação Moçambicana dos Profissionais de Água and DNA - Departamento de Água e Saneamento
The main themes of the SILUSBA (Simpósio de Hidráulica e Recursos Hídricos dos Países de Língua Portuguesa) are:
- Water and sanitation for the poor
- Water and international cooperation
- Water and economic development
- Water and education
- Water governance for a sustainable water business.
- Water resources management, incl. climate change,
- Hydraulics and hydrology research
- Water and the environment
During the symposium, the Netherlands-supported Mozambique Water Platform (PLAMA) and Wetskills Innovation Challenge will be launched.
Organised by: African Water Association (AfWA) and SODECI s.a.
Theme: Mobilizing Resources and Governance of Water and Sanitation in Africa
- Integrated Management of Water Resources and Climate Change
- Capacity Building for improved Water and Sanitation Services
- Advances in Water and Waste Water Treatment Technologies
- Pro Poor Water and Sanitation Services
- Financing Options for Water and Sanitation Services
Call for papers
Abstract deadline: 10 May 2013
Website: www.afwacongress2014.org (under development)
Posted in Campaigns and events, Capacity development, Financing, Governance, Sanitation, Sustainable services, Water resources management, Water supply
Tagged finance, irc's approach, local support, water security
Robel Lambisso WASH Director (left) and MWA Chair at World Vision, Greig Jansen (right). Photo: newbusinessethiopia.com
The Coca-Cola Africa Foundation (TCCAF) and its partners have launched the Replenish Africa Initiative’s (RAIN) Multiple Use Water Improvements project in Ethiopia. This one-year project will benefit 73,400 rural citizens, including 22,000 school children living in seven rural woredas (districts) of three Ethiopian regions. It will support water supply improvements and multiple uses of water (MUS); improve water access, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in schools, institutions, and households; and empower women through water-related entrepreneurship.
TCCAF is providing US$ 4 million to the project, which is being implemented in partnership with the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation (CNHF) and Millennium Water Alliance (MWA), Catholic Relief Services (CRS), WaterAid and World Vision. The project builds on the MWA’s existing US$ 13 million CNHF programme that is being implemented in 25 woredas in 4 regions.
The TCCAF project can benefit from the related Multiple Use Services through Rainwater Harvesting (MUStRAIN) pilot project (2011-2013) in Dire Dawa. Funded through the Dutch Partners for Water programme, this project focuses on the exploitation of sand rivers for domestic, livestock and small-scale irrigation through integrated approaches that take account of multiple water needs. The Amsterdam-based RAIN Foundation is implementing this pilot project in partnership with the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, RiPPLE Ethiopia, the Hararghe Catholic Secretariat (HCS) and other local stakeholders.
The launch of the TCCAF RAIN Multiple Use Water Improvements project took place on 12 April 2013 in Addis Ababa, on the sidelines of IRC’s Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery symposium.
The Coca-Cola Africa Foundation’s 6-year RAIN programme (2010-2015) aims to provide at least 2 million Africans with access to clean water by 2015. The US$ 30 million that Coca-Cola has committed towards RAIN seems generous but amounts to just 0.75% of the company’s US$ 4 billion annual budget for marketing in 2013 and less than 7% of its US$ 440 million sponsorship deal with FIFA (2005-2012).
- Counting how many Ethiopians lack decent water and sanitation, IRC, 08 Apr 2013
- Ethiopia: rush to achieve water and sanitation for all by 2015, E-Source, 24 Jul 2012
Related web sites:
Source: MWA, 12 Apr 2013 ; New Business Ethiopia, 13 Apr 2013
Posted in Ethiopia, Financing, Sanitation, Water and livelihoods, Water supply
Tagged Coca-Cola Africa Foundation, finance, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, Millennium Water Alliance, Multiple Use Water Improvements project, multiple use water services, MUStRAIN, RAIN Foundation, source_publish
Addis Ababa – 8 April 2013. Providing universal access to water and sanitation, the goal of the Ethiopian Government, is a huge effort that is transforming lives and the economy. Behind efforts to improve service delivery – building new communal water systems, repairing broken pumps, encouraging households to improve their family wells and latrines – are monitoring systems, data and statistics. Reliable data are vital for investments to be made in the right places and the correct policy decisions are taken. Should limited public finance be directed to maintaining and repairing existing water supply systems, or to new construction, for example.
The recently completed National WASH Inventory has been a major initiative to better monitor the performance of the water and sanitation sector in Ethiopia. This involved survey of over 92,000 rural water supply schemes, over 1,600 small town systems, 50,000 schools and clinics and interviews with 12 million households. The costs amounted to more than 200 million Birr (about 12 million USD). For the first time, the National WASH Inventory provides a national baseline of all water and sanitation facilities using standard methods across all regions.
Liberia will need to bridge a US$ 450 million funding gap to achieve the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) targets that it set for itself in 2017.
Liberia unveiled a five-year US$ 600 million investment plan to rebuild its WASH sector on 7 February 2013. The sector is still recovering from decades of civil war. However, only US$ 150 million of the required amount is covered by existing support from development partners. A large part of remaining US$ 450 million will need to come from user payments for urban WASH services.
Based on national standards, the 7 boreholes and 3 standpipes in the village of Komsilga, Burkina Faso, are sufficient to supply water to 3,600 people. Since only 1,500 people live in the village, you might think that they had water in abundance.
In reality, only half of the villagers receive a basic level of service and half a limited if any service at all. The provision of a basic water service by a small network costs 9 times more in investment and 54 times more in operation and maintenance than a similar level of service provided by a handpump.
These are some of the findings in a new working paper by Dr Christelle Pezon from IRC’s WASHCost project, which describes the analytical framework and the methodological tools developed to cost rural water service levels.
Pezon, C., 2012. Evaluer le coût d’un service pérenne d’eau potable au Burkina Faso: méthodes et outils. (WASHCost document de travail ; n°5). The Hague, The Netherlands, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. Available at: www.washcost.info/page/2663
For more on WASHCost Burkina Faso see: www.washcost.info/page/475
Visit the WASHCost campaign page: campaign.washcost.info
Posted in Burkina Faso, Financing, Publications, Sustainable services, Water supply
Tagged finance, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, irc's approach, life-cycle costs, rural water supply, WASHCost, water security
The majority of the water and sanitation projects funded by the European Union (EU) in six African countries are not sustainable says the EU’s spending watchdog. The European Commission (EC) maintains that most of the audited projects were approved before it had implemented quality control reforms.
ECA Member David Bostock presenting Special Report no 13/2012. Photo: European Union
The European Court of Auditors (ECA) reviewed 23 projects in Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria and Tanzania. The projects represent an investment of over 400 million euro of which the EU provided 219 million euro. Total EU spending on water and sanitation in sub-Saharan Africa between 2001 and 2010 amounts to over 1 billion euro.
In their report , the auditors warn that the majority of projects will not be sustainable unless non-tariff revenue is ensured and institutional weaknesses are addressed. Less than half of the projects examined delivered results meeting the beneficiaries’ needs.
Posted in Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Financing, Monitoring & evaluation, Nigeria, Sanitation, Sustainable services, Tanzania, Water supply
Tagged European Commission, European Court of Auditors, European Union, finance, financial sustainability, institutional sustainability, irc's approach, source_publish
Chinese Water Supply Regiment in Darfur. Photo: PLA Daily.
Chinese peacekeepers have their own well drilling team to provide water for personnel and campsites of the African Union/UN Hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID). It is the only such team employed by the peacekeeping forces dispatched by China.
The water supply detachment is formed by a water supply regiment under the Beijing Military Area Command (MAC) of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA).
Working conditions for the water team are tough. They need to wear bullet-proof clothes at temperatures over 40 degrees centigrade.
Related web sited:
- China – Ministry of National Defence – Peacekeeping
- African Union/UN Hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID)
Source: Li Yun, China Military Online / People’s Daily Online, 25 Jul 2012