Liberia will need to bridge a US$ 450 million funding gap to achieve the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) targets that it set for itself in 2017.
Liberia unveiled a five-year US$ 600 million investment plan to rebuild its WASH sector on 7 February 2013. The sector is still recovering from decades of civil war. However, only US$ 150 million of the required amount is covered by existing support from development partners. A large part of remaining US$ 450 million will need to come from user payments for urban WASH services.
A new Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) Learning Note found that beliefs and ease of access to soap and water were correlated with handwashing with soap behaviors for given proxy measures among mothers and caretakers in Peru and Senegal.
“Behavioral Determinants of Handwashing with Soap Among Mothers and Caretakers: Emergent Learning from Senegal and Peru,” is based on survey data from nearly 3,500 households in Peru and 1,500 households in Senegal. This data was analyzed using FOAM, a conceptual framework developed by WSP to help identify factors that might facilitate or impeded handwashing with soap practices at critical times.
The analysis revealed that the impact of different determinants varies depending on the chosen proxy measure, such as the presence of a handwashing station or its distance from kitchen or latrine facilities. Given this variability, the Learning Note found that program managers must clearly define the exact behavior they seek to improve before choosing which determinant to focus on in their formative research.
Political stability has heavily influenced progress in improving access to water supply and sanitation services with low-income stable countries outperforming low-income fragile and resource-rich countries. ”This breaks with the common perception that access to sanitation and water increases with GDP”, says Senior Financial Specialist Dominick de Waal, lead author of a new report  by the World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program (WSP).
The report, commissioned by the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW), maps progress in water supply and sanitation of 32 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. WSP carried out the country studies together with the African Development Bank in close partnership with UNICEF, WHO, and the 32 governments.
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In just under two decades, the number of motorized boreholes in Senegal has quadrupled to about 1,400 water supply points, providing drinking water to 73 percent of the rural population. The Government of Senegal has decided to transfer the maintenance of all rural water systems to private operators before January 2010. This is in large part due to financial, human resource, and logistic constraints of the maintenance directorate in the ministry responsible for rural water development.
After more than 10 years of successful urban water sector reforms in Senegal, the rural water supply sector is now opening up to private sector participation. This approach builds on lessons learned from a successful pilot project implemented over the past 10 years, which saw the engagement of a private operator to maintain about 80 boreholes. Numerous domestic private operators have since shown their interest in this process and are ready to scale up this initiative.
At the request of the Government, [the Water and Sanitation Program] WSP will help define the regulatory role of the Directorate of Maintenance, as well as provide an intervention framework for the private sector. The Government is currently preparing to engage a private operator to handle the maintenance of 621 rural water systems in the central area of Senegal.
Contact: Pierre Boulenger at wspaf [at] worldbank.org
Source: WSP Access, Mar 2009
The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW) launched the first Hygiene and Sanitation Week from 13-14 November 2008, with support from the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), along with UNICEF, WaterAid, PSI and others.
[...] A special message was delivered in Dar es Salaam that emphasized the government’s commitment to achieve the national sanitation targets as stipulated in the National Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction (popularly known as MKUKUTA in Kiswahili).
In Mwanza, where the national celebration was held, numerous community events – including roads shows, schools, and clinic shows – were held prior to the World Toilet Day (WTD) culmination on November 19th. Educational and promotional materials were distributed during road/community and schools shows.
In addition, the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training held an essay competition during the WTD event in which schools and individual students were selected winners and presented with prizes for outstanding written works on the topic.
The final day was attended by over 5,000 people from different parts of Mwanza. [...] The event was supported as part of WSP’s Global Scaling Up Sanitation and Handwashing projects in Tanzania.
Source: WSP, 11 Dec 2008